Piet Zwart. Child’s chair designed for Wassenaar Kindergarten, the Netherlands. 1935
The simple planar structure of this chair, developed from an earlier design of 1919, reflects Zwart’s association with the avant-garde De Stijl group. Zwart designed the furniture for the kindergarten that his children attended, one of a considerable number of Montessori schools established in the Netherlands between the wars. The piece reflects the importance Italian educator Maria Montessori attached to the design of teaching materials and the classroom environment, recommending “light furniture which is correspondingly simple and economical in the extreme.” Zwart wanted to make the chair more widely available as an affordable flat-pack kit, but could not interest a manufacturer.
Learn more at MoMA.org/centuryofthechild