Vandkunsten. Future residents of Tinggården, Herfølge, Denmark, taking part in the democratic process of planning. c. 1973 (top) Model of Tinggården, Herfølge, Denmark, designed for a housing competition. c. 1971 (bottom).
Tinggården is a cohousing settlement to the southwest of Copenhagen, the result of a 1971 competition organized by the Danish Ministry of Housing. Brochures highlighted the organization of its private dwellings in six family groups, each with 12-17 apartments of 4 different types. This intentional community, which devotes ten percent of its space to communal socializing and shared duties such as childcare, became an icon of Danish cohousing, a model of collaborative living that involves residents in the design process as well as in everyday management. Danish journalist Bodil Graae summoned architects to such experiments with her 1967 article “Every Child Should Have a Hundred Parents.” Pioneered by Vandkunsten among others, Danish cohousing is still influential all over the world, from the Netherlands to Canada, Australia, and beyond.
Learn more at MoMA.org/centuryofthechild